Feature Athlete: Seth Tom

Seth Tom is our latest featured athlete!  Seth is a 16-year old weightlifter from San Francisco, California who currently competes in the 55 and 61 kg weight classes.   Seth won the championship title in the 56-kg weight class (16-17 age group) at USA Weightlifting’s 2018 Youth Nationals in Grand Rapids, Michigan in June 2018.

When did you get started in this sport?

I started lifting 8 years ago (2010) when I was 8 years old.

What (or who) got you started?

My sister attended Abraham Lincoln High School where my coach was a teacher. My coach, Kevin Doherty, ran a strength and conditioning camp with Olympic weightlifting. Kevin and other coaches brought me and my siblings into the weightroom and taught us.

What do you enjoy most about weightlifting?

One thing I enjoy about this sport is the community. I enjoy being around people of all ages and becoming real close friends. I also enjoy the feeling. It’s one of the best feelings to finish your last lift in a competition, whether it’s a miss or make.

What does your current training routine look like?

I train at Abraham Lincoln High School in San Francisco, California. I train about 2 hours a day 5 times a week with many people of all ages. From kids in elementary school to people as young as 70 years old.

What one or two things do you currently do in your training that has been impactful?

One thing is technique work. My dad told me, “They may be bigger than you but you have better technique. People with good technique will always win.”

Another thing is lots of strength work. For example squats or accessories.

What are your proudest weightlifting achievements?

My proudest achievements were being able to compete at the 2017 Youth World Championships on my birthday, winning my first National Championship and breaking a few American Records.

What is your diet like?

Eat as much as I can but not too much junk food.

Who do you look up to in the sport? Why?

I look up to my friends both on my team and others that are not. Seeing them progress throughout the sport always motivates me to do better.

What friendships has this sport brought your way?

It has brought friendships of all kinds. It’s brought me friendships with younger people, older people, the same age as me and people all over the country.

What qualities do great coaches possess?

Coaches can have many great qualities but one I like is being friendly. I like my coaches because they are my friends and know me well.

What is the best advice you’ve ever received?

Don’t think.

What characteristics do you strive for?

I strive to be confident and humble.

When you have random free time, how do you spend it?

I enjoy playing basketball, eating, playing video games or sleeping.  

If you could master anything (besides weightlifting), what would it be?

Karate

What have you learned from weightlifting that helps you in other parts of your life?

Weightlifting has taught me how to be passionate and to work as hard as I can.

The last time you were knocked down (or discouraged) in this sport, how did you get back up?

I learned from my mistakes and kept moving forward.

Where does your strength come from?

My strengths come from my teammates because they keep me motivated.

What are your weightlifting goals?

I want to be the best I can be and especially be happy.

 

15 Performance Enhancing Foods

Steroids.  Testosterone.  Human Growth Hormone.  These performance enhancing substances are prohibited by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) when present in the body in high concentrations.  Did you know that you can reap the benefit of these and other performance-enhancing substances, however, in a completely legal–and healthy–way through food?

Here are 15 performance enhancing foods to add to your diet:

 Oatmeal

Oats contain saponins, or chemical compounds, that produce a steroid-like effect.  The saponins in oats boost testosterone levels by increasing levels of luteinizing hormone, which is the hormone responsible for initiating testosterone production.  Boost your testosterone levels by eating a bowl of oatmeal for breakfast. 

 

Wild Game

Tap into the muscle-building power of creatine by adding wild game to your diet.  Creatine allows an athlete to work more intensely during an exercise session and is especially beneficial to weightlifters because it recycles adenosine triphosphate (ATP) back into the muscles quickly, allowing for more repetitions before fatigue sets in.  Wild game is the richest dietary source of creatine, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center.  Game meats include venison, buffalo, rabbit, elk, boar, ostrich, moose,  and wild duck.

Free Range or Grass Fed Meats

Don’t have access to wild game?  Creatine is also found in domestic meats, with the highest concentrations in free range meats.  Look for free range chicken, turkey, lamb, veal, pork and fish.

 

Quinoa

Quinoa is a natural ZMA supplement.  ZMA is a supplement made up of zinc, magnesium aspartate, and arginine.  It is used by athletes, including weightlifters, to support the immune system, enhance muscle recovery, boost muscle size and strength, and promote better sleep.  One cup of quinoa contains one-third daily value of zinc, full RDA of Magnesium and 1.7 g of Arginine.  Quinoa is also one of the only plant foods that is a complete protein, which means it contains all nine essential amino acids the body needs to build lean muscle.

 

Celery

Celery is a natural testosterone supplement.  Studies show that even the smell of celery can increase testosterone levels in the body.  Celery also offers plenty of vitamins and minerals.  One cup of celery offers nearly 45 percent of the daily value of vitamin K.  It also serves as a good source of vitamin C, potassium, folic acid, dietary fiber, calcium and vitamin B6.

 

Chocolate Milk

Are you playing multiple sports or doing two workouts a day?  Drink a glass of chocolate milk after the first session to improve performance in the second session.  In a study published in the International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, a group of cyclists drank three different recovery beverages following an interval workout.  Four hours later, the cyclists performed another workout.  The cyclists who drank chocolate milk as their recovery beverage cycled 49% longer and performed 57% more work in the second workout than cyclists given a carb-replacement beverage.

 

Turkey

Turkey is high in beta-alanine, an amino acid that reduces acidity in the muscles.  During high-intensity workouts, such as weightlifting, acidity in the muscles increases when glucose breaks down into lactic acid, leading to fatigue.  A study published by the American College of Sports Medicine confirms that beta-alanine buffers this acidity, which allows an athlete to perform  high intensity exercise longer before tiring.  With 2 grams of beta-alanine per 3 oz. cooked serving, turkey breast is an excellent choice for increasing beta-alanine in the body

Cod Liver Oil

You might be surprised to hear that vitamin D is not really a vitamin, but a steroid hormone that is produced when the body is exposed to the sun.  The best source of vitamin D is sun exposure.  If you do not live where it is sunny year-round, however, you can supplement with fish liver oils, such as cod liver oil, which contains 227% of the vitamin D RDA per tablespoon.  Alternatively, you could eat 3 oz. of salmon (75% RDA), but you would have to eat fish almost every day to get enough vitamin D.

 

Beans

Glutamine, the most prevalent amino acid in the human body, may boost human growth hormone (HGH) levels according to a study reported in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.  Glutamine is available in a variety of protein sources, including soybeans and kidney beans.  Beans are also rich in folate, a B vitamin that fuels muscle growth, and copper, which strengthens tendons.  Add a serving of beans to your soup, salad, or dinner plate to spark a rise in HGH.

 

Leafy Green Vegetables

Weightlifters often take nitric oxide supplements to support muscle growth and athletic performance.  Nitric oxide is involved in many cell processes, including the widening of the blood vessels, or vasodilation. Wider blood vessels means faster delivery of nutrients and oxygen to working muscles during exercise, which enhances exercise performance.  Leafy green vegetables, such as spinach, chard, kale and lettuce are particularly high in nitrates.  Don’t like salad?  Toss a handful of baby spinach into the blender with some orange juice and frozen fruit.  You won’t notice the spinach in this tasty shake!

 


Eggs

A study from Texas A&M found that subjects who consumed 3 whole eggs following a weightlifting program for 12 weeks gained twice as much muscle mass and twice as much strength as subjects eating no eggs or just one whole egg per day.  The cholesterol in eggs supports testosterone development, which leads to big gains.  Keep in mind, however, that the study was conducted on adults, so youth athletes should adjust their egg consumption accordingly.

 

Cottage Cheese

Tyrosine is an amino acid that may improve performance in stressful situations.  Tyrosine does not directly improve athletic performance.  However, studies confirm that it may benefit healthy individuals exposed to demanding situational conditions, such as an athlete at a weightlifting competition.  A one-cup serving of cottage cheese contains 1833 mg of tyrosine, and can promote calmness when stress levels rise.

 

Beets A study conducted at Kansas State University found that athletes who drank beet juice experienced a 38 percent increase in blood flow to muscles, especially “fast twitch” muscles that affect bursts of speed and strength.  Researchers attributed the results to nitrates found in beets.

If eating beets does not appeal to you, consider these 10 Kid Friendly Beet Recipes.

 

Olives  Oleuropein is a compound found in olives and olive oil that helps the body use proteins more efficiently.  In a study published in the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, rats that had a protein-rich diet retained no less than 46 percent more protein when large amounts of oleuropein were added to their food. In addition, they produced 250% more testosterone and less cortisol, often referred to as the “stress hormone.”  The same results may not hold true for humans, but olives are still worth adding to your diet.  Olives are a rich sources of antioxidants, iron, calcium fiber, copper, vitamin E, vitamin K, and choline.

 


Peanuts

Peanuts are high in leucine, a branched-chain amino acid (BCAA).  BCAAs are broken down in the muscles instead of the liver, enhancing energy production and muscle synthesis during exercise.

A study reported in the European Journal of Applied Physiology found that six weeks of leucine supplementation significantly improved both endurance and upper-body power in competitive rowers.  Another study reported in the Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology found that consuming leucine right after a workout stimulated muscle recovery and muscle protein synthesis.

For youth athletes, peanuts offer the additional benefit of high calories.  Each half-cup (73-gram) serving of peanuts contains around 425 calories.  So if you’re having a hard time getting enough calories to drive your muscle gain, eating peanuts could be a good way to get some extra calories and nutrients.  Try some of these peanut butter packed No Bake Energy Bites for a post-workout treat.

Final Considerations:

  • Dietary supplements can boost athletic performance.
  • The supplement industry is not regulated, however, which means that no one monitors the manufacture of dietary supplements.
  • Sometimes manufacturers put banned substances into their products without listing them on the labels, and athletes get flagged for doping.
  • Athletes are liable for any banned substances in their bodies, whether they know about them or not.
  • Finally, research on dietary supplements is generally performed on ADULT athletes, not youth athletes, so any side effects may be greater for younger athletes.

So what does this mean for you?

You might be better off eating real food than fueling your body on supplements.  Real food contains nutrients within their whole food matrix, making it easier for your body to absorb the nutrients and less likely that you will overdose or experience bad side effects.

Mobility Work for Youth Weightlifters

Olympic weightlifting requires more than strength.  It requires mobility, or flexibility through a range of motion.  An athlete with limited mobility can still lift weights, but the athlete cannot reach his full potential as a weightlifter.  For instance, an athlete who struggles to maintain an upright torso in the bottom of a squat can compensate for the lack of mobility by executing a power snatch instead of a full snatch.  This athlete will be outperformed, however, by athletes with similar–or even less–strength and the ability to stabilize the barbell overhead in a squat.

Strength makes a weightlifter.  Mobility makes a champion.

If you are searching for a place to start, consider this mobility workout used by Hampton Morris, reigning 50kg American youth weightlifting champion (14-15 yr.) and Team USA member.

PSOAS Smashing: Take a hard ball, such as a softball, and place it between your hip crease and the floor.  Gently roll out the muscles in this area for 90 seconds each side.  This movement helps release tightness in the pelvic area and promotes a better neutral spine.

 

Glute Rolling: Cross one foot over the opposite knee.  Place a hard ball under the glute muscles and roll for 3 minutes each side.  This movement can also be performed on a foam roller.  For weightlifters, the glutes are an area of hidden tension, with the tension putting stress on the hip, lower back and knees.

 

Banded leg stretches: Lie on your back and wrap a resistance band around the bottom of one flexed foot.  Holding the band, guide the leg across the body until you feel a stretch.  Keep the shoulders and lower back on the floor.  The inactive leg remains extended on the floor.  Hold for 1 minute on each side.

This movement stretches the TFL (tensor fasciae latae), IT band, and hamstrings.

While you have the band around the foot, take the foot to the outside of the body and hold for one minute.  This movement stretches the groin.

Finally, bring the foot toward your face and hold for one minute.  This movement stretches the hamstrings.

Posterior Hip Stretch: Lie on your back with one ankle crossed over the opposite thigh, just above the knee.  Use a band to apply pressure to the opposite foot.  Alternatively, lie with your bottom against a wall and intensify the stretch by pressing your foot against the wall. Hold for 1 minute.  This movement will be felt on the outside of the hip.

 

 

Knee to Chest: Lie on your back with your legs extended in front of you.  Grasp one knee and bring it to the chest, keeping the other leg extended and flat against the floor.  Hold each side for 1 minute.  This movement stretches the lower back, glutes and pelvic muscles.

 

 

Internal Hip Rotation Stretch: Lie on your back with your knees together and your feet
wide.  Allow your knees to fall toward the floor.  If necessary, keep the knees together with a resistance band.  Hold for 3 minutes. This movement guards against lower back pain, knee injury and hip impingement that is caused when the spine attempts to compensate for lack of rotation.

Lying Wall Stretch: Lie on the floor with your bottom against a wall and your legs extended straight up toward the ceiling.  If available, use a resistance band to keep the legs together.  Place a light weight, such as a small sandbag, on the feet to intensify the stretch.  Hold for up to 10 minutes.  This pose not only relieves lower back pain, it also refreshes the legs by giving blood and lymph circulation a boost toward the upper body.

 

Improved mobility makes injuries less likely by helping the body handle the stresses of weightlifting.

 

 

 

 

 

Hampton uses these accessories to execute his mobility workout.  If you do not have a weight bag, make your own with some rice, dry beans or sand!

No need to buy a fancy ball for rolling.  A softball will do the trick.

A variety of resistance bands or straps can be used in this workout.